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Privacy →
Involves breaches of data protection laws and regulations on the protection of personal data. This would include, in particular, cases involving large quantities of data or particularly sensitive data. Examples: 
  • the unlawful disclosure of business and trade secrets
  • the misuse of data (e.g. for e-mail and telecommunications)
  • the inadequate protection of access to or processing of sensitive personal data (e.g. health data)
Environmental protection →
Environmental protection includes any environmental offenses and environmental damage. For example: 
  • Illegal disposal of waste
  • Improper handling of pollutants
  • alters the chemical or physical composition of a body of water, the soil or the air
Corruption and bribery incl. conflict of interest →
Someone bribes or is bribed. A third party is offered or granted an advantage in breach of duty or an unreasonable advantage is accepted or demanded by taking advantage of one's own official position. 

Abuse of a position of trust in the company with the aim of enjoying a material or immaterial advantage to which there is no legally justified claim.
  • Conflict of interest (a person/company is entangled in multiple interests that potentially corrupt that person's/company's motivation or decision-making. For example, when an employee's personal interests conflict with the company's interests and the company suffers harm as a result).
  • Invitation of or by business partners with the appearance of wanting to influence a business relationship.
  • A business partner gives an inappropriate gift to the company employee who decides on the award of a contract so that he or she and his or her company are favored
  • Employee pays money to an official so that the official will issue a permit more quickly
Manipulation of business documents/balance sheets →
This would refer, in particular, to violations of applicable accounting standards or generally accepted accounting principles, resulting in misrepresentations in the company's financial reporting. For example: improper preparation or falsification of invoices, credit notes, financial statements, audit trails, etc. 
  • Inadequate internal controls over an organization's operations.
  • Deliberate misstatements of revenues, expenses, assets or liabilities
  • Misrepresentation of transactions
  • Covering up questionable facts
Antitrust and competition law →
This includes violations that counteract the securing and maintenance of effective market competition. This may involve irregular agreements on prices, pricing, market, customer or territory sharing, on orders, production quantities and quotas, strategies, boycotts, etc., as well as an impermissible exchange of information relevant to competition or abuse of a dominant position. Examples:
  • In the case of collusion or an exchange of competition-relevant information between companies and their competitors before 
  • Cartel examples: Price agreements, price cartels or submission cartels, i.e. the price agreement to divide up a market, or the territorial cartel, i.e. the spatial division of the market among suppliers
Violations of codes of conduct at the workplace as well as human rights violations and occupational health and safety →
These include violations of working conditions as well as human rights violations. For example: 
  • Discrimination
  • Bullying (e.g., threatened or actual infliction of injury or other physical or psychological harm on a person)
  • Unequal treatment (e.g., based on characteristics such as gender, religion, or ethnicity)
  • Harassment (e.g., the uninvited and unwanted verbal or physical approach of an employee)
  • Disrespect
  • Working time violations
  • Occupational health and safety (e.g., failure to indicate sources of danger; lack of safety precautions; hazardous or unsanitary working conditions)
Other significant violations of (criminal) laws and policies →
This includes serious crimes in the area of white-collar crime, such as:

  • Theft and embezzlement (This includes all property crimes detrimental to the company. For example: theft or embezzlement of company property; withholding of company funds or work materials; personal enrichment).
  • Fraud and embezzlement, if there is a threat of significant financial or reputational damage to the company
  • Forgery of documents
  • Violations of tax and customs law regulations
  • Money laundering (includes any activity in which criminally generated proceeds are funneled into and through the financial circuit for subsequent use in a legal-looking activity. Money laundering aims to ensure that at all times it remains unknown that criminal assets are involved).

Food Fraud - Food Compliance →
Food fraud is the intentional placing on the market of food whose actual quality does not correspond to its claim. The intentional deception aims at a financial or economic advantage. Food fraud may, but does not necessarily, involve a health risk for consumers. 
Examples for food fraud include:
·      Falsely declared beef products that contain horse meat.
·      Purported virgin olive oil that is cheap salad oil dyed with chlorophyll.
·      Shrimps that are sprayed with gel to increase their weight.
·      Natural honey, which is stretched with sugar solution.
·      Noble fish, in which the fish species has been misstated.
·      Supposed organic food, which was conventionally grown.
Food compliance also includes, for example, food safety requirements, animal welfare and protection, social standards and ethical concerns, environmental requirements and sustainability.